Front-end Developer job description

Front-end developer job description: role, duties and responsibilities

Front-end Developer job description


A front-end developer is responsible for designing and implementing the user interface of a website or web application. This includes the layout, visual design, and interactive elements.

The front-end developer job description typically requires knowledge of a wide range of web-based technologies (such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) as well as a willingness to constantly evolve by learning new programming languages and frameworks.

What is a Front-end Developer?

A front-end developer is a software engineer who specializes in translating visual screens into code for various projects with high quality expectations in different domains such as media, e-commerce, logistics, payments, insurance, and pharmaceuticals, among others.

The Front-end Developer Role in Software Development 

According to the job description for a front-end developer, this individual is an essential part of any development team.

The primary responsibilities of a front-end developer include:

  • Building clean, reusable code and libraries for future use.
  • Translating the UI/UX design into responsive HTML, CSS and JavaScript code that supports multiple devices.
  • Optimizing applications for maximum speed and scalability.

The Front-end Developer Role in an Agile Team

A front-end developer’s primary responsibility in an agile team is to create the software interface. However, an agile environment may cause some changes in how the front-end developer works within the team, where he or she is in close proximity to many other profiles such as back-end developers, testers, designers, product owners, and scrum masters.

As a team, their goal is to deliver the product on time while maintaining the highest level of product quality in terms of design and usability.

The Front-end Developer’s Duties and Responsibilities

Here is a list of duties and responsibilities that a front-end developer has; this is what we usually see in a front-end developer job description:

  • Collaborate with the team to understand project requirements and to create a user interface that meets those requirements.
  • Analyze requirements and provide clean and reliable technical solutions, as well as test the written code.
  • Write clean, efficient, and maintainable code using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Participate in sprint planning and daily stand-ups to keep track of project project.
  • Create and maintain project documentation, such as user interface design guidelines and style guides.
  • Troubleshoot and debug issues as they arise.
  • Continuously improve the user interface based on user feedback and testing.
  • Follow coding, documentation, configuration and change management processes, provide effort estimates for the refinement sessions, and collaborate with other members of the team and interact with the clients.
  • Adapt to different software development methodologies and keep up with latest front-end frameworks and libraries.
  • Brainstorm and implement features in cross-functional teams with stakeholders from throughout the organization, including marketers, product managers, and designers.
  • Assist the Customer Experience Process in triaging bugs and applying usability principles to resolve production issues.

The Front-end Developer’s Skills and Qualifications

The skills and qualifications required for a front-end developer typically include:

  1. Bachelor’s Degree or higher in Computer Science or a related field
  2. Strong knowledge of HTML, CSS, Vanilla (plain) and JavaScript, including ES 2016/2017/Next: these programming languages are used by front-end developers to create the layout, visual design, and interactive elements of a website or web application.
  3. Understanding of web design principles: A good front-end developer should have a solid understanding of design principles such as layout, typography, color theory, and user experience (UX).
  4. Experience with front-end development frameworks and libraries: Familiarity with popular front-end development frameworks and libraries, such as React, Angular, or Vue.js is highly desirable.
  5. Familiarity with browser development tools: A front-end developer should be familiar with browser development tools, such as Chrome DevTools, which can be used to debug and optimize the performance of a website or web application.
  6. Knowledge of responsive design: A front-end developer should be familiar with responsive design principles and techniques to ensure that a website or web application looks and functions properly on a variety of devices and screen sizes.
  7. Strong problem-solving skills: Because front-end development often requires finding creative solutions to complex problems, strong problem-solving skills are essential.
  8. Strong communication skills: A front-end developer must be able to effectively communicate with other members of the development team as well as non-technical stakeholders such as designers and project managers.
  9. Strong attention to detail: Front-end developers must pay close attention to detail in order to ensure that the user interface is visually appealing, easy to navigate, and error-free.
  10. Continuous learning: Because the field of web development is constantly evolving, a front-end developer must be willing and able to learn new technologies and techniques on a regular basis.
  11. Strong portfolio: Being a successful front-end developer requires a strong portfolio that showcases previous projects and demonstrates an understanding of front-end development principles.

Team Collaboration and Stakeholders: Who the Front-end Developer Works With

A front-end developer’s primary goal is to make the website or application look good while also making it easy and efficient to use for end users.

Depending on the company’s structure and the project’s requirements, a front-end developer collaborates with different departments and roles within the company to achieve that goal.

A front-end developer typically works with several other team members, including:

  • Back-end developers: Front-end developers work closely with back-end developers to integrate the front-end and back-end functionality. They ensure that the user interface they design effectively communicates with the back-end and that data is displayed correctly.
  • UX/UI designers: Front-end developers may work with UX/UI designers to create user interface wireframes and mockups. These designs are then used to create the final user interface in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Project managers: Front-end developers may work with project managers to prioritize tasks, set deadlines, and keep the project on track.
  • Quality assurance (QA) engineers: Front-end developers may work with QA engineers to ensure that the website or application is fully functional, and meets user needs.
  • Product managers: Front-end developers work with product managers to understand the goals and needs of the project, and to ensure that the final product meets those goals.

The Differences between the Front-end Developer, the UI/UX Developer, and the Back-end Developer

Front-end developers: Front-end developers are in charge of implementing the user interface (UI) of an app or website based on pre-designed wireframes and Photoshop files. Front-end developers use their engineering skills to improve performance, fix bugs, and add new features to existing websites, software, and apps. They are equally responsible for building the UI of an entirely new product or platform.  

UI/ UX developers: UI/UX developers are more concerned with delivering a set of assets such as buttons, tooltips, and other modular pieces that are required for front-end developers, so UI takes care of the interaction between users and computer software, whereas UX takes care of the common user experience linked with product or service brands. The UI/UX developer is responsible for creating a visual interface with specific tools and no code, using a set of icons, buttons, colors, and visual elements to improve the user experience.

Back-end developers: Front-end development focuses on the visual elements of a website or app that a user interacts with (the client side). Back-end development, on the other hand, focuses on the side of a website that users cannot see (the server side). They work together to create a dynamic website that allows users to make purchases, use contact forms, and engage in any other interactive activities while browsing a website.

Challenges of the Front-end Developer

Front-end developers may face a variety of challenges in their role, including:

  • Keeping up with the ever-evolving web development technologies and trends: The web development industry is constantly changing, with new technologies and frameworks being introduced on a regular basis. Front-end developers must keep up with these changes and learn how to use them effectively in order to provide better user experiences.
  • Cross-browser compatibility: Because different browsers use different rendering engines, web pages may display differently. Front-end developers must ensure that their code is compatible with multiple browsers and devices, and that the website or application looks and works properly on all of them.
  • Optimizing website or application performance: Front-end developers must ensure that their code is optimized for performance, so that the website or application loads quickly and smoothly for users. This includes shortening page load times, shrinking image and video file sizes, and reducing the number of HTTP requests.
  • Creating accessible and responsive designs: Front-end developers must ensure that their designs are accessible by all users, including those with disabilities. They must also make sure that their designs are responsive, enabling them to adapt to different screen sizes and devices.
  • Troubleshooting and debugging: Front-end developers must be able to troubleshoot and debug issues that arise during development, often working closely with back-end developers to identify and fix the issue.

Overall, the job of a front-end developer requires a solid understanding of web development technologies, design principles, and user experience, as well as the ability to adapt to new technologies and trends.

Additionally, it requires the ability to work in a fast-paced environment, troubleshoot and debug issues, and pay attention to detail

Measuring Performance: Front-end Developer’s OKRs

OKRs (Objectives and Key Results) are a framework used to set and track goals within an organization. Here are some examples of OKRs that a front-end developer might set:

    1 Improve website performance
  • Reduce page load time by 50%
  • Minimize the number of HTTP requests by 75%
  • Reduce the size of image and video files by 50%

    • 2. Implement responsive design

    • Create a responsive design that adapts to different screen sizes and devices
    • Ensure that all pages are accessible to users with disabilities
    • Increase mobile and tablet traffic by 25%

      3. Improve user experience

    • Conduct user research and gather feedback to inform design decisions
    • Increase user engagement by 25%
    • Reduce bounce rate by 50%

      4. Keep up-to-date with the latest technologies

    • Attend at least 2 web development conferences or workshops
    • Learn at least 1 new front-end technology or framework
    • Increase the number of contributions to open-source projects by 50%

      5. Improve team collaboration

    • Set up regular meetings with back-end developers to discuss integration
    • Increase the number of pull request reviews and feedback by 50%
    • Decrease the number of bugs/issues that come from integration by 25%

    The examples above are just some examples; a front-end developer’s specific OKRs will vary depending on the organization and project goals.

    The key results should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART).

    The front-end developer should work closely with their team lead, manager, and other stakeholders to set OKRs that align with the organization’s overall goals and contribute to the project’s success.

    The Front-end Developer’s Salary Range and Daily Rates

    The salary of a front-end developer can vary depending on a number of factors, including location, experience, and company size. Average salary ranges for front-end developers in some countries are as follows:

    • United States: $60,000 – $120,000+ per year
    • United Kingdom: £30,000 – £60,000+ per year
    • France: €35,000 – €70,000+ per year
    • Romania: RON 25,000 – RON 50,000+ per year
    • Moldova: MDL 100,000 – MDL 200,000+ per year
    • Mexico: MXN 400,000 – MXN 800,000+ per year
    • Vietnam: VND 200,000,000 – VND 400,000,000+ per year
    • Morocco: MAD 100,000 – MAD 200,000+ per year
    • Benelux: €35,000 – €70,000+ per year

    Keep in mind that these are only approximate ranges; the actual salary will be determined by multiple factors such as company, location, experience, and qualifications of the developer.

    Additionally, the cost of living in different countries can also have an impact on salary.